Meal Combat Individual
The purpose of this article is to provide the
essential facts pertaining to operational rations, food packets, and
ration supplements used by the Armed Forces. Current design data and
operational use concepts are also included. In the interest of clarity
and mutual understanding, the terms describing various assemblies of
food components are defined as follows
A ration is the
allowance of food for one person for one day as prescribed by military
regulations. Rations are designed for group and/or individual feeding
and must be nutritionally adequate.
A meal is a
nutritionally balanced food unit consisting of approximately one third
of the prescribed daily requirement of a ration. Meals designed for use
in the operational ration system are engineered to permit
inter-changeability with other operational meals while insuring
nutritional adequacy. A combination of any three meals would constitute
a ration as defined by Army regulations.
A food packet is a
short-term source of nourishment in special operational situations. It
consists of prepared foods, specially selected for maximum nutritional
value, palatability, and stability commensurate with the requirements
for minimum weight/cubage and utility factors One or more food packets
do not necessarily constitute a nutritionally complete ration.
A ration supplement is
a collection of
food, beverage, condiment, or comfort items intended to add to the
minimum essentials of a food item in terms of nutrition, palatability,
and enhancement of morale.
Since the publication of Current
in 1956, significant improvements in component design, and
ration and feeding concepts have been made in order to match the pace of
ever-changing military requirements. These changes have been
accomplished through accelerated research in the field of food and
packaging and the continual improvement of existing component items.
As we follow the evolution of the Armed Forces
Operational Rations through the history of the United States, we find
that from the Revolutionary War, through the Civil War, and on to World
War I the basic military ration was composed of meat, bread, and beans.
Changes were few and in the main were inspired by changes in the
National food pattern-the increasing use of canned foods, for example.
The soldier generally received his allowance of one to four days'
rations at one time. These he either prepared by himself or pooled with
those of a buddy who assisted in the preparation. That portion not
immediately consumed was transported in his rucksack, or saddle bag,
until the next meal.
The first of the Army Rations was established
by Congressional Resolution on November 4, 1775:
Resolved, that a ration consists of the
following kind and quantity of provisions: 1 lb. beef or 3/4 lb.
pork, or 1 lb. salt fish per day; 1 lb. bread or flour, per day; 3
pints of peas or beans; 1 pint of milk per man per day, or at the
rate of 1/72 of a dollar; 1 half pint of rice or one pint of Indian
meal, per man per day; 1 quart of spruce beer or cider per man per
day, or 9 gallons of molasses per company of 100 men per week; 3
lbs. candles to 100 men per week, for guards; 24 lbs. soft or S lbs.
hard soap, for 100 men per week.
The ration for U. S. troops in the Civil War was
little improved over that of the Revolutionary War. Added, however, were
coffee, tea, seasonings, and potatoes "when practicable." This Civil War
Ration was estimated to have cost 15 cents per man per day (in contrast
to the Field Ration cost of 96 plus cents per man per day as of 1
October 1962). Preparation of the food and feeding of the troops,
however, was accomplished for whole companies rather than for
individuals. In 1896 an Emergency Ration was established and
subsequently followed by additional special rations. In 1901 the rations
consisted of the Garrison, Emergency, Field, and Travel Rations. These
were reduced to three in World War I and were identified as the Reserve,
Trench, and Emergency Rations.
The Reserve Ration was the standard meat and bread
ration which weighed 2¾ pounds and furnished approximately 3300 calories
per man per day. The Trench Ration was designed to feed 25 men for one
day. The Emergency Ration contained three 8-ounce cakes of beef powder
and cooked wheat and three 1-ounce chocolate bars.
The development of operational rations used in
World War II, Korea, and in improved form today, began in 1934, when the
Quartermaster Corps undertook the development of a ration to replace the
old emergency ration. This replacement, subsequently designated the D
Ration, was developed by the predecessor agency of the Subsistence
Research Laboratory in Chicago, later to become the Quartermaster Food
and Container Institute for the Armed Forces. During the period
1941-1945, 23 different rations and ration supplements were developed
for use by U. S. Armed Forces throughout the world. The most famous were
the D Bar, C Ration, and K Ration.
Military nutritional requirements and feeding
situations have not changed basically since the days of Hannibal and
Genghis Khan. Essentially, it has always been necessary to supply
rations on the basis of (1) the individual, (2) the small group (squad
or crews), and (3) the large group (company size or larger).
Conceding the foregoing basic feeding situations,
it is found that modern concepts of ration design have changed
considerably to accommodate the ever increasing demand for greater
mobility and dispersion of combat forces. To assure utility under
anticipated future combat conditions, all rations must be not only
minimal in cube and weight but also in manpower and equipment
requirements associated with their supply, storage, issue, and
preparation. Requirements for nutritional adequacy, acceptability, and
stability, however, remain relatively unchanged. To fulfill current and
future operational ration requirements, off-the-shelf, conventional
foods would be quite inadequate. Needed are foods preserved and packaged
by new and ingenious methods. Consequently, the resources of modern
science and technology are drawn upon all the way from design to
finished product. New technologies have been brought to bear on foods
for military use-for example, freeze-dehydration and radiation
To stay abreast of new concepts and techniques of
warfare, rations and feeding systems are under the constant scrutiny of
the military analyst. The military and civilian food and container
research specialists are continually seeking component and design
improvement as well as completely new and revolutionary ideas. As new
requirements in military feeding operations become evident, or as
advances are made in experimental work leading to new or improved items,
ration and/or entire concepts may be changed to reflect these advances.
Typical of the ration modernization program designed to improve the
individual feeding situation is the development of the Meal, Combat
Individual as a replacement for the C Ration (Ration, Individual,
Combat). The Meal, Combat, Individual more closely fits the requirements
of current operational concepts and has the desired flexibility of use
compatible with those concepts.
To meet food needs under the various conditions
imposed by modern land, sea, and air operations new approaches have been
taken to insure feeding systems of greater logistical flexibility and
simplicity. This has resulted in the design, for instance, of a system
of nutritionally interchangeable family of meals. At the present time,
by contrast, the major portion of available stocks of bulk and packaged
operational food is designed for issue on the ration basis. To fully
understand the advantages accruing from a system of nutritionally
interchangeable meals, one must first consider the limitations imposed
by the use of the ration system.
As previously mentioned, a ration consists of food
for one man for one day and therefore must contain minimally 3600
calories as well as prescribed levels of the dietary nutrients essential
to nutritional balance. An obvious limitation is that the entire ration
must be eaten during the course of the day in order to maintain that
balance. This means that one ration cannot be broken down into three
basically interchangeable units as is the ease in the system of
nutritionally interchangeable meal families.
It is the intent of this. booklet to place these
rations, meals, food packets, and ration supplements in proper
perspective with relation to their intended use and to provide current
data on the composition and status of each item. To this end the reader
is informed of (1) what items are presently available in the system, (2)
where they are intended to be used, and (3) what items can be expected
to be available in the future. This can best be presented by covering
four broad categories
Feeding Situations; (2) Special Feeding Situations; (3) Survival
Feeding; (4) Future Feeding Concepts.
General Feeding Requirements.
The need for an "operational" ration for the subsistence of the military
man operating away from conventional field ration supply lines was
recognized as early as pre-Revolutionary War days when our military
action consisted principally of a guerrilla type of warfare on both the
land and sea. As will be evident, most operational rations and ration
components have been designed to fulfill a general feeding requirement.
The operational food items in this
category--Ration and Meal-- were designed to satisfy the feeding
requirements as dictated by the large group, the small group, and the
individual feeding situations. The degree of flexibility allowed the
commander in fulfilling his feeding requirement is determined by the
type of operational ration available for his use.
Food items considered to fulfill general as
opposed to special feeding requirements may be used by all of the Armed
Forces --Army, Navy, Marine Corps, and Air Force.
Special Feeding Situations.
various rations, packets and supplements classified and described in
this group include those which, while authorized for use by all
Services, are not routinely procured and stocked. Such items would, of
course, be made available in the event of mobilization. Also included
are those items authorized for limited or special purpose use, such as
items developed to meet the specific requirements of one Service.
packets are used only in emergency situations. Since the space provided
for them aboard lifeboats and aircraft is extremely limited, the foods
are highly concentrated. They are designed to fulfill one
purpose--sustaining personnel over a period of emergency.
Future Feeding Concepts.
Changing tactical and logistical requirements have made mandatory the
simplification of logistics. The new family of nutritionally
interchangeable meals is responsive to this requirement in the area of
food logistics. Fortunately, modern advances in the food sciences and
technologies have made possible the development of high quality meals
capable of rapid preparation in the field. Presently being developed are
the Meal, Uncooked, 25-Man; Meal, Quick-Serve; Meal, Ready-to-Eat,
Individual; and the Food Packet, Individual, Combat. These rations will
eventually replace a number of current operational rations.
1 Activities Report, 7:10-23, 72-91, 170-179, 1955.
Reprinted as booklet, 1956
2 Present name: Armed Forces Food and Container Institute.
|The "C-Ration" was first developed just before
World War II and was used as the military's primary "combat" ration
until 1958. In 1958, the "Meal, Combat, Individual" officially replaced
the C-Ration but the old name stuck. Soldiers didn't complain about
having to eat MCIs - they complained about having to eat "c-rats".
On 1 November, 1939, the Adjutant General announced
the adoption of field ration C. It consisted of 3 cans containing a meat
and vegetable component, and 3 cans, containing crackers, sugar, and
soluble coffee; it furnished 2974 calories, 114 grams of protein, and an
adequate supply of vitamins and minerals.
The C-2 ration
This updated ration is described as an individual
ration which consists of packaged precooked foods which can be eaten.
hot or cold and it replaced the old C ration. It can be carried and
prepared by the individual soldier. The ration was designed for feeding
combat troops from a few days to an extreme of three weeks. Due to the
required individual portability of this ration, maximum nourishment had
to be provided in the smallest physical unit. The components of this
ration were prepared in 5 different menus. Each menu includes an
accessory packet which consists of essential toilet articles, tobacco,
The C-3 ration
The figure "3" in "C-3" represents the third
revision of specifications for components of what was known originally
as the C ration. This ration is composed of 5 full menus of a greater
variety, and in addition to the new and improved B (bread) and M (meat)
units, each menu contains an accessory packet, fruit, and cigarettes.
The ration weighs 88½ oz., and is packed in 8 small cans; 3 of the cans,
1 for each meal, contain M (meat) components, which offer any one of 10
different varieties of meat; 3 more cans, again, 1 for each meal,
include B (bread) components consisting of a unit of .5 crackers and 2
cookie sandwiches, a unit of pre-mixed cereal, jam, crackers, soluble
coffee, sugar, cocoa disc, and another unit of crackers and jam. In
addition, the C-3 contains 1-12 oz. can of fruit, the accessory packet,
and cigarettes with matches. Field cooking equipment is not required.
for the preparation of this ration. The C-3 ration is more adequate than
the original C ration in respect to its nutritional value.
The C-4 ration
Ration, individual, combat C-4 has been developed
recently, and is a modification of the C-3 ration. One modification of
the C-3 ration will be the issue of 2-6 oz. cans of fruit for 2 meals to
replace the 1-12 oz. can issued for one meal in the C-3. ration.
Toward the end of the Second World War a soldier's
daily C-rations included two accessory packets. The cigarette packet
contained a book of matches plus one pack holding nine cigarettes or
three smaller packs of three cigarettes each. During the 1960s C-ration
cigarettes were identical to the sample packs of four that tobacco
salespersons handed out to the public. Pall Mall, Luckies, Winston,
Salem and Benson & Hedges Menthol were five of the brands found in
Vietnam era field ration packets. C-ration cigarettes were
discontinued in 1972.
Meal Combat, Individual
The Meal, Combat, Individual is the first ration
which has been adopted to meet the new subsistence concept of supplying
nutritionally balanced meals rather than rations. It replaces the
Ration, Combat, Individual (C Ration) which was used so extensively in
World War II.
The Meal, Combat, Individual, is designed for issue
either in individual units as a meal or in multiples of three as a
complete ration. Its characteristics emphasize utility, flexibility of
use, and more variety of food components than were included in the
Ration, Combat, Individual (C Ration) which it replaces. Twelve
different menus are included in the specification. Each menu contains
one canned meat item; one canned fruit, bread or dessert item; one B
unit; an accessory packet containing cigarettes, matches, chewing gum,
toilet paper, coffee, cream, sugar, and salt; and a spoon. Four can
openers are provided in each case of 12 meals. Although the meat item
can be eaten cold, it is more palatable when heated.
Each meal furnishes approximately one-third of the
minimum nutrient intake prescribed by Army regulations.
Development began in 1938 and was completed between 1941 and 1945.
Used extensively during World War II.
Issued as one boxed ration per person per day.
One case of C-Rations contained 6 rations.
Each ration was composed of a B-unit and a M-unit; total weight was
approximately 7 pounds.
B-unit: (3) 12 ounce cans of bread, coffee and sugar.
M-unit: (3) 12 ounce cans of meat and vegetable components.
Limited menu selection [(3) M-units and (3) B-units]; many of the menus
Intended for limited use but sometimes it was used as the sole source of
subsistence for weeks.
Rarely were all of the components available so substitutions with
duplicate components were
common. This exacerbated menu fatigue.
Menus were expanded in 1944 to include (10) M-units and (6) B-units.
Surplus C-Rations were used in both Korea and Vietnam.
Meal, Combat, Individual (MCI):
Replaced the C-Ration beginning in 1958.
Used extensively in Vietnam.
Evolved from the C-Ration (used same metal containers as C-Rations).
Redesigned food packaging to provide an individual meal rather than an
Each MCI weighed approximately 2.7 pounds and contained about 1200
Components almost identical to the C-Ration components but with more
12 different meals per case with increased variety of canned meats.
Less monotony and menu fatigue
|Meat Choices (in small cans):
Ham and Eggs, Chopped
Candy Disc, Chocolate
|Meat Choices (in larger cans):
Beans and Wieners
Spaghetti and Meatballs
Beefsteak, Potatoes and Gravy
Ham and Lima Beans
Meatballs and Beans
Cheese Spread, Processed
|Meat Choices (in small cans):
Chicken and Noodles
Cocoa Beverage Powder
Gum, 2 Chicklets
Cigarettes, 4 smokes/pack
Matches, Moisture Resistant
The Best Army Invention Ever
It was invented in just 30 days in the summer of 1942 by the
Subsistence Research Laboratory in Chicago. And never in its over
50-year-old history has it ever been known to break, rust, need
sharpening or polishing; which is why many soldiers past and
present, have come to regard the P-38 C-Ration can opener as one of
the best Army inventions ever.
C-Rations have long been replaced with the more
convenient Meals Ready To Eat (MRES), but the phenomena of the P-38
continues to rise due to the 1,000 and other uses stemming from the
unique blend of ingenuity and creativity all soldiers seem to have.
“The P-38 is one of those tools you keep and
never want to get rid of,” says Fort Monmouth, NJ, military policeman Sgt. Scott Kiraly.
“I’ve had my P-38 since joining the Army 11 years ago and kept it
because I can use for a screwdriver, knife, anything!”
Master Sergeant Steve
Wilson, Proponent NCOIC, Army Chief of Chaplains Office in the
Pentagon, believes it’s the size of the P-38 that counts. “It’s a
perfect inch and a half making it a great marking tool. Because it’s
small, it doesn’t take up a lot of space, and that’s essential in
Army life. The conveniently drilled hole in the top half means the
P-38 can be put on a key ring or dog tags and go anywhere.”
The P-38 became a
strategic learning tool for West Point Cadets Rob and Ryan Kay while
growing up in Gilroy, CA. Generously supplied
with military gear by their father, the brothers spent many of their
adolescent years decked out in fatigues, camouflage makeup, combat
gear, and P-38s attached to dog tags to play “Army.” So the P-38 is
as natural to me as my desire to be in the service,” says
The most vital use of
the P-38, however, is the very mission it was designed for explained
(ret) Army Colonel Paul Baerman,
former Fort Monmouth Garrison Commander. “When we had C-rations it
was your access to food, making it the hierarchy of needs. Then
soldiers discovered it was an extremely simple, lightweight,
multi-purpose tool. I think in warfare, the simpler something is and
the easier access it has, the more
you’re going to use it. The P-38 had all of those things going for
The P-38 acquired its
infamous nomenclature from the 38 punctures around the C-ration can
required for opening, and the boast it performed with the speed of
the World War II P-38 fighter plane.
“Soldiers just took to
the P-38 naturally,” says World War II veteran John
Bandola. A master sergeant serving in
the 30th Signal Construction Battalion in
North Africa , Bandola began his
acquaintance with the P-38 in 1943. “The P-38 was our means for
eating 90 percent of the time, but the next thing I knew we were
using it for cleaning boots, fingernails, screwdrivers, you name it.
And we all carried it on our dog tags or key rings.”
When Pfc. Martin
Kuehl stormed Omaha Beach on D-Day
over half a century ago with Third Army’s 457th
Anti-Aircraft Battalion, he not only carried several pounds of
equipment, but a P-38 as well.
“I used it to open
cans for dinner after that longest day,” said
Seven years later
millions of these miniature can openers were distributed by the Army
during the Korean War.
“You weren’t going to
eat any other way,” recalled Korean veteran Jay Welsh of Freehold,
New Jersey .
And while fighting in
Korea on what soldiers
referred to as Papasan Mountain with
the 24th Infantry Division, Welsh discovered another
vital use of the P-38.
“A clean weapon is
your immediate priority because a dirty one is not going to work,”
said Welsh. “The P-38 was the ideal tool to field strip and clean
the finger components of the M-1 rifle. So in a way, I believe that
two-piece hinged device saved my life. It assured me I had a rifle
that would fire.”
Department of Defense
Police Supervisor, Ted Paquet, of
Franklin Township, NJ, was a 17-year-old seaman serving aboard the
USS New Orleans amphibious assault ship during the Vietnam War. Its
mission was to retrieve and transport Marines off the cost of
On occasional evenings, soldiers gathered near
Paquet's duty position in the fantail
for simple pleasures like “cokes, cigarettes, conversation and
C-rations.” It was during one of these nightly sessions,
Paquet became acquainted with the P-38
or "John Wayne” as it’s affectionately referred to in the Navy.
“I think the reasons I
remember this incident so well I is because one of the marines and I
got to talking about where we were from and it turned out we’d gone
to high school together and I’d even dated his sister,” said
Paquet came home to Pennsylvania
surviving 12 months of war, but not more encounters with the P-38.
While driving down Route 60, also known as the Old
Studenville Pike with older brother
Paul, another Vietnam
veterans who served with the 7th Air Cavalry, car
problems suddenly developed.
“There were no tools
in the car and almost simultaneously both of us reached for P-38s
attached to our key rings,” chuckled
Paquet. “We used it to adjust the flow
valve, the car worked perfectly, and we went on our merry way.”
Christmas of 1969
brought a truce in Vietnam. Paul Baerman
was then a wounded first lieutenant, whose only desire was to be
reunited with his platoon in time for this highly coveted holiday.
His wish was granted, and it remains one of the most memorable times
in his military career.
“One of my soldiers
received one of those tacky, evergreen foil trees. It didn’t come
with anything so we mounted it on top of a 50-caiber machine gun on
an armored vehicle, and decorated with brass shells from ammunition,
C-ration cans, and of course, P-38s. They were a little dull, but
that hole made it a perfect hanging ornaments. So whenever I see
that little can opener, I think of being there with them in 70 to 80
degree weather, and singing carols around a P-38 decorated Christmas
memories like Baerman’s that best
depict he sentimental attachment many soldiers came to feel for the
Bandola attached his first and only
P-38 to his key ring that particular day half a century ago, it
accompanied him to Anzio,
Salerno, and northern
Italy. It was with
him when World War II ended, and it’s with him now.
“This P-38is a symbol
of my life back then,” reminisced
Bandola. “The Army, the training, my fellow soldiers, all
the those incredible times we shared
during a world war.”
Because the P-38
represents such a significant part of
Bandola’s life, he plans to
leave it to his son and grandson. It’s a desire his wife, Dorothy,
understands perfectly. “Every time they look at that P-38, they’ll
see and remember him,” she said quietly.
Vietnam veteran John
Koehler grins broadly when he proclaims the P-38 “ranks with your
first girl and your first car.” Koehler, a resident of
NJ proudly admits he put his first P-38 on his dog tags
25 years ago, and it’s still there. “The P-38 was part of my youth
when I was learning all about discipline, accomplishment, and self
worth as a soldier with the 101st Air borne Division. And
it someone wanted it, well, they’d have a better chance of seeing
Ted Paquet’s P-38 is
in a special box with his dog tags, a 50-caliber shell from the ship
he served on, his Vietnam Service Medal, South Vietnamese money, and
a surrender leaflet from Desert Storm dutifully supplied by a
veteran nephew. No one's allowed to touch the box, and his wife has
been given clear instructions to dust around it.
“It’ll be on my
dresser until the day II die,” swears Paquet.
These attitudes of
former veterans aren’t hard to understand says Steve Wilson. “When
you see a P-38 you’ve carried since the day you enlisted, it means a
whole lot. It became a part of you. You remember field problems,
Reforgers, jumping at 3 a.m. in the morning and moving out in a
convoy. A P-38 has you reliving all the adventures that came with
soldiering in the Armed Forces. Yes, the P-38 opened cans, but it
did so much more. Any soldier will tell you that.”
Information about the
actual inventor of the P-38 has faded with the passing of years. So
perhaps it’s best to fantasize about a “patron saint of Army
inventions” who has been responsible
for creating devices that enabled a soldier to survive in war and
peacetime. There was the steel helmet designed for head protection,
but proved ideal for washing, shaving, and cooking; the faithful,
trustworthy jeep, guaranteed to go anywhere in any kind of weather,
and the TA-50 ammunition pouch for storing those personal items
soldiers just couldn’t leave behind.
The P-38 however,
remains the saint’s finest work. As one of the most perfectly
designed tools in history, the saint counted on soldier imagination
to spiral the P-38 into even greater heights than just opening cans.
The P-38 was an item the saint knew a majority of service members
would come to possess and share, and thus promote the kind of
camaraderie and bonding all soldiers need and depend on. Perhaps
this is what the patron saint of Army inventions had in mind all
|During WWII when hungry GI's were ready to
dive into that delicious meal of C-Rations, they used their
trusty P-38s to open the cans. No it wasn't a WWII fighter plane
or a pistol, it was an amazingly simple 1-1/2 inch stamped metal
gadget that was developed by the Subsistence Research Laboratory
located in Chicago during the Summer of 1942 and unbelievably in
just 30 days.
It's official designation is 'US ARMY
POCKET CAN OPENER' or 'CAN OPENER, KEY TYPE', but is known more
commonly by its nickname which it supposedly acquired from the
38 punctures required to open a C-Ration can. It's also known as
a "John Wayne" by many because the story goes is that he
demonstrated using them in a WWII training film, so when
soldiers would ask for one if they forgot the name they would
ask for a "John Wayne". Originally they came in individual paper
packets with the directions how to use printed on it, and about
a dozen came packed with a case of C-Rations. Unopened Vietnam
era vintage P-38s still in their original paper wrapper are hard
to find so if you find one resist the temptation to open it.
These handy little gadgets have adorned dog tag chains and key
rings ever since.
Range Patrol Rations
|Natick Labs designed
the Long Range Patrol (LRP) food packet for long-range reconnaissance
troops, who found the standard
C-Ration to be
too heavy. The packets weighed 11oz, approximately a third of the weight
of the c-rations, and were available in eight different menus. The
rations, which were first issued in 1964, consisted of a pre-cooked
freeze-dried main meal in a reconstitution package and contained
approximately 1,100 calories. Though the meals were intended to be
hydrated, they could be eaten dry if necessary. The original Food
Packet, Long Range Patrol, was popular with soldiers of the Vietnam War.
The LRP was designed for troops in operations without resupply for up to
10 days issued at one or two packets for each soldier per day.
A special study of Meal,
Uncooked, 25-Man; Packet, Long-Range Patrol; and 'M' Packet was
conducted in Vietnam. The purpose of the study was to determine the
suitability of these rations for use by the Army under tactical
conditions found in Vietnam. Combat, Combat Support, and Combat Service
Support units were used for the functional suitability evaluations.
Eight shortcomings were found in the 25-Man Meal, one in the 'M' Packet,
and one the the LRP Packet. It was concluded that no conclusive
statement can be made as to the suitability of the 25-Man Meal for use
by the Army and that the 'M' and LRP Packets are satisfactory for use
during isolated-type operations. It was recommended that: 25-Man Meal be
engineer/service tested after shortcomings in the existing menus are
corrected and the full complement of menus is available; 'M' Packet be
considered not suitable for use by the Army until the deficiency and
shortcomings reported in the engineering/service test and in this
evaluation are corrected; LRP Packet be considered suitable for use by
the Army; and the shortcoming in LRP be corrected if feasible
|"MENU NO.2 CHILI CON CARNE" Cottonduck Rubberized
|"MENU NO.5 CHICKEN STEW" OD plastic package
|"MENU NO.5 CHICKEN STEW" OD plastic package